Posts (149)

Fri, Feb 28 11:23am · Theory-based Development of an Implementation Intervention Utilizing Community Health Workers to Increase Palliative Care Use

ABSTRACT

Context

Opportunities for the use of palliative care services are missed in African-American communities, despite Level I evidence demonstrating their benefits. Objective Single-institution, stakeholder-engaged study to design an intervention to increase palliative care use in African-American communities.

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Fri, Feb 21 2:21pm · Can a Smartphone App for Cannabis Cessation Gain a Broader User Group than Traditional Treatment Services?

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Treatment demand for cannabis use disorders is increasing in Europe. Mobile phone- and internet-based interventions for cannabis users can possibly help meet the need. The purpose of this study was to examine whether a recently developed Norwegian Cannabis Cessation app reaches a broader or different user group compared to community-based Cannabis Cessation programs (CCP, Nordic abbreviation: HAP).

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Fri, Feb 7 3:24pm · In-kind incentives and health worker performance: Experimental evidence from El Salvador

We experimentally evaluated the effects of in-kind team incentives on health worker performance in El Salvador, with 38 out of 75 community health teams randomly assigned to performance incentives over a 12-month period. All teams received monitoring, performance feedback and recognition for their achievements allowing us to isolate the effect of the incentive. While both treatment and control groups exhibit improvements in performance measures over time, the in-kind incentives generated significant improvements in community outreach, quality of care, timeliness of care, and utilization of maternal and child health services after 12 months. Gains were largest for teams at the bottom and top of the baseline performance distribution. We find no evidence of results being driven by changes in reporting or by shifting away effort from non-contracted outcomes. These results suggest that in-kind team incentives may be a viable alternative to monetary or individual incentives in certain contexts.

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Fri, Jan 31 2:17pm · Housing and Support Narratives of People Experiencing Mental Health Issues: Making My Place, My Home

Choice, control, privacy, and security are widely reported housing preferences of mental health consumers, are associated with improved well-being and greater housing satisfaction, and are important for recovery. This paper describes housing and neighborhood experiences from a larger qualitative study that sought to learn with people experiencing mental health issues about their everyday lives in an Australian urban community.

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Fri, Jan 10 12:07pm · Engaging young African American women breast cancer survivors: A novel storytelling approach to identify patient‐centred research priorities

Background

Patient‐centredness is considered an essential aspiration of a high‐quality health‐care system, and patient engagement is a critical precursor to patient‐centred care.

Objectives

To engage patients, health‐care providers and stakeholders in identifying recommendations to address research and practice gaps that impact young African American breast cancer survivors.

 

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Dec 13, 2019 · Experience obtaining legal abortion in Uruguay: knowledge, attitudes, and stigma among abortion clients

BACKGROUND: The abortion law in Uruguay changed in 2012 to allow first trimester abortion on request. Implementation of the law in Uruguay has been lauded, but barriers to care, including abortion stigma, remain. This study aimed to assess women’s experiences seeking abortion services and related attitudes and knowledge following implementation of the law in Uruguay. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31815617

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Nov 22, 2019 · Hospitals Turn to Community Partnerships to Improve Health Equity

Residents living in Chicago’s West Side have a 16-year-shorter life expectancy than their neighbors living just a few miles away in the city’s Loop neighborhood. But a program called West Side United, made up of several Chicago hospitals and civic groups, aims to change that by addressing some of the health equity issues that contribute to such disparities. It is well documented that factors such as unequal access to employment, healthy food, transportation, and exposure to neighborhood violence all contribute to illnesses—including heart disease—that can reduce life expectancy, noted Darlene Hightower, associate vice president of the Office of Community Engagement at Rush University, 1 of West Side United’s partners in a press release. “So if being healthy is largely determined by what happens outside of the four walls of a hospital, we needed to go to the people working in many sectors across multiple neighborhoods to determine what those barriers to health are,” said Hightower in the release.

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Nov 8, 2019 · Extension as a Backbone Support Organization for Physical Activity Promotion: A Collective Impact Case Study From Rural Kentucky.

Abstract:

Rural counties in the United States face daunting structural issues that reduce their populations’ physical activity levels, including geographic isolation as well as deficits in infrastructure, public transportation, health care providers, and funding.

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