Posts (138)

Fri, Aug 16 2:42pm · Changing prescribing behaviours with educational outreach: an overview of evidence and practice

Abstract

General practitioners (GPs), or family practitioners, are tasked with prescribing medications that can be harmful to the community if they are inappropriately prescribed or used (e.g. opioids). Educational programs, such as educational outreach (EO), are designed to change the behaviour of health professionals. The purpose of this study was to identify the efficacy of EO programs at changing the prescribing behaviour of GPs.

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Fri, Aug 9 2:52pm · Prescription Drug Abuse Among Patients in Rural Dental Practices Reported by Members of the National Dental PBRN

Abstract  

This study compared rural to nonrural dentists with respect to opioid prescribing practices, perceptions about prescription drug abuse among patients, and training relevant to pain management and addictions.

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Fri, Jul 26 9:26am · Community Health Centers: a Key Partner to Achieve Medicaid Expansion

Abstract

Medicaid expansion is an important feature of the “Affordable Care Act” and also is proposed as a component of some incremental plans for universal healthcare coverage. We describe (1) obstacles encountered with Medicaid coverage, (2) their potential resolution by federally qualified community health centers (CHCs), (3) the current status and limitations of CHCs, and (4) a proposed mega CHC model which could help assure access to care under Medicaid coverage expansion. Proposed development of the mega CHC model involves a three-component system featuring (1) satellite neighborhood outreach clinics, with team care directed by primary care nurse practitioners, (2) a hub central CHC which would closely correspond to the logistics and administration of current CHCs, and (3) a teaching hospital facilitating subspecialty care for CHC patients, with high-quality and cost-effectiveness. We believe that this new model, designated as a mega CHC, will demonstrate that CHCs can achieve their potential as a key partner to insure care under Medicaid expansion.

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Fri, Jul 19 11:26am · A Community-Wide Collaboration to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The Hearts of Sonoma County Initiative

Abstract

Purpose and Objectives

Collaboration across multiple sectors is needed to bring about health system transformation, but creating effective and sustainable collaboratives is challenging. We describe outcomes and lessons learned from the Hearts of Sonoma County (HSC) initiative, a successful multi-sector collaborative effort to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Sonoma County, California.

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Fri, Jul 12 11:33am · Community Health Workers in Hawai'i: A Scoping Review and Framework Analysis of Existing Evidence

Abstract Introduction: Community health workers (CHWs) play a vital role in health across Hawai‘i, but the scope of this work is not comprehensively collated. This scoping review describes the existing evidence of the roles and responsibilities of CHWs in Hawai‘i. Methods: Between May and October 2018, researchers gathered documents (eg, reports, journal articles) relevant to Hawai‘i CHWs from health organizations, government entities, colleges/universities, and CHWs. Documents were reviewed for overall focus and content, then analyzed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 10 Essential Public Health Services as well as the Community Health Worker Core Consensus Project roles to identify workplace roles and gaps. Results: Of 92 documents received, 68 were included for review. The oldest document dated to 1995. Document types included curricula outlines, unpublished reports, and peer-reviewed articles. Documents discussed trainings, certification programs, CHWs’ roles in interventions, and community-, clinical-, and/or patient-level outcomes. Cultural concordance parity between CHWs and patients, cost savings, and barriers to CHW work were noted. Most roles named by the Community Health Worker Core Consensus Project were mentioned in documents, but few were related to the roles of “community/policy advocacy” and “participation in research and evaluation.” Workplace roles, as determined using the 10 Essential Public Health Services, focused more on “assuring workforce competency” and “evaluation,” and less on “policy development,” and “enforcing laws.” Discussion: CHWs are an important part of Hawaii’s health system and engage in many public health functions. Although CHW roles in Hawai‘i mirrored those identified by the CHW Core Consensus Project and 10 Essential Public Health Services frameworks, there is a noticeable gap in Hawai‘i CHW professional participation in research, evaluation, and community advocacy

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Fri, Jun 28 11:59am · Associations with the Receipt of Colon Cancer Screening Among a Diverse Sample of Arab Americans in NYC.

Arab Americans (AA) face increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC), the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the US, due to low utilization of preventative care and socioeconomic disparities. This study explores associations with the receipt of CRC screening among AA in New York City. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 100 individuals attending religious and community organizations with interviewer-administered surveys in Arabic and English. Results from 100 participants showed they were more likely to complete CRC screening with a doctor recommendation (74%) and were more likely to get a recommendation with a high school education or higher (86%). Uninsured participants and those with public insurance were the least likely to complete screening. Those with a higher mean score in Spiritual Life/Faith (13.34 vs. 11.67) were less likely to complete screening. Findings suggest the need for culturally sensitive interventions to increase CRC screening rates among AA.

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Fri, Jun 14 4:11pm · The role of community health workers in cervical cancer screening in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic scoping review of the literature

Abstract

Introduction

Community-based screening for cervical cancer and task sharing to community health workers (CHWs) have been suggested as a potential way to increase screening coverage in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aims of the scoping review were to understand the following: (i) where and how CHWs are currently deployed in screening in LMIC settings; (ii) the methods used to train and support CHWs in screening, and (iii) The evidence on the cost-effectiveness of using CHWs to assist in screening

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Fri, May 31 4:11pm · Social Media Use for Professional Purposes in the Neurosurgical Community: A Multi-Institutional Study

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Since Facebook’s debut in 2004, social media (SoMe) has garnered increased popularity and usage worldwide. Given its appeal and visibility, many industries have utilized SoMe to promote products for professional purposes. Specialized sites have subsequently been created to connect users in similar disciplines. While SoMe sites have amassed over 1-billion followers, SoMe usage in the neurosurgical community has not yet been well described.

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